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Enhancing Singapore as World’s Leading Bunkering Hub through Standards

The world’s first National Technical Reference for Bunker Mass Flow Metering (TR48 : 2015) was launched recently in support of the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA)’s and industry’s initiative to use the mass flow metering (MFM) system for marine fuel oil deliveries in Singapore with effect from 1 January 2017.

This TR sets out clear requirements for measurement and system integrity that provides a fair basis for custody transfer between the bunker supplier and bunker buyer in Singapore.
Bunkering in Singapore has grown tremendously since standardised bunker delivery procedures were adopted in the early 1990s. MPA has reported record bunker sales volume of 45.16 million metric tonnes (mt) in 2015, making Singapore the world’s largest bunkering port. This TR is crucial for the support of the further growth of Singapore’s bunkering industry.
The adoption of the mass flow metering system for bunkering at the Port of Singapore, commencing with the first MFM system approved under this project in 2012, will provide both the bunker buyers and suppliers with better assurance of the quantity of bunker delivered.
The adoption of the MFM system for bunkering at the Port of Singapore, commencing with the first MFM system approved under this project in 2012, will provide both the bunker buyers and suppliers with better assurance of the quantity of bunker delivered.
“The mass flow metering system has a number of key benefits; most importantly transparency, efficiency and security. It can also help marine vessel operators save up to an estimated three hours [1] and US$5,000 [2] per refuelling. Looking ahead, we will continue to invest in innovation that can help to set new standards of transparency and reliability for fuel measurement, throughout each stage of the supply chain,” said Mr Wong Suan, Regional Sales Manager of ExxonMobil Asia Pacific Pte Ltd.
“80% of Pacific International Lines’ total bunker consumption comes from Singapore. The use of mass flow meters has enabled us to shorten the time for receiving bunkers at Singapore, and as a result, improve our vessels’ service efficiency,” said Mr Teo Choo Wee, Executive Director of Pacific International Lines (Pte) Ltd.
TR48 has been developed under the auspices of the Technical Committee for Bunkering of the Chemical Standards Committee (CSC). The CSC is one of the 12 Standards Committees of the industry-led Singapore Standards Council set up
by SPRING Singapore, the national standards body. Driving growth and productivity are two of the key priority areas for standardisation work in Singapore.
“The Technical Committee for Bunkering pioneered TR 48, a new bunker fuel measurement standard, for the benefit of the bunkering industry in Singapore. This TR ushers bunker fuel measurement into the digital age and will help Singapore’s efforts to maintain its position as the world’s top bunkering port in terms of tonnage,” said Mr Seah Khen Hee, Chairman, Technical Committee for Bunkering.
The multi-stakeholder Working Group appointed by the Technical Committee for Bunkering comprising SPRING, MPA, A*STAR and stakeholders from the marine, shipping and oil and gas industry completed this standard after extensive consultation with various stakeholders which included the MPA-coordinated trials. These initial trials had the benefit of key technical advice from both the Technical Committee and Working Group. The trials used mass flow meters that were verified and sealed by SPRING and the trials data were analysed by A*STAR’s National Metrology Centre (NMC) to determine the performance of the MFM system.
[1] Comparison versus manual tank sounding.
[2] Per 1,000MT stem size delivery at $300/MT. Includes surveyor costs, temperature delivery range and density
delivery range but does not include dip tank measurement errors. A temperature measurement delta of 10°C
amounts for up to US$2,100. A 3kg/m³ density difference amounts for up to US$1,000. These variables can be
avoided by the use of a secure mass flow metering system therefore negating the need of a quantity surveyor
with an estimated cost of up to US$2,000.
Image: file photo of a bunkering operation in port (photo courtesy PortPictures).
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About Dennis Vinkoert

Main-founder, Publisher & Editor-in-Chief. Blogger Dennis Vinkoert, was Co-owner, Publisher and Chief Executive Editor. He the main founder of the maritime publishing house Yellow & Finch Publishers based in the Netherlands. Before that period he owned his own B2B PR & Communications Agency and held a position as Editor-in-Chief at the leading shipbuilding journal Holland Shipbuilding International. His vast operational and practical experience spans over 35 years in maritime business journalism.

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